Acer /ˈeɪsər/ is a genus of trees and shrubs commonly known as maples. There are about 128 species of maple trees in the Acer plant genus. The two most common maples are the sugar maple (Acer saccharum) and the red maple (Acer rubrum). The most famous product from maple trees is the sweet maple syrup made from the tree’s sap. Although you can make syrup from any maple tree, it’s only the sugar maple tree (Acer saccharum) that produces quality syrup. In addition, maple trees brings many functions from bonsai art to commercial uses.
Maples are important as sources of syrup and wood. Dried wood is often used for the smoking of food. Charcoal from maples is an integral part of the Lincoln County Process used to make Tennessee whiskey. They are also cultivated as ornamental plants and have benefits for tourism and agriculture.\
Maple is considered a tonewood, or a wood that carries sound waves well, and is used in numerous musical instruments. Maple is harder and has a brighter sound than mahogany, which is another major tonewood used in instrument manufacture. The back, sides, and neck of most violins, violas, cellos, and double basses are made from maple.
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