Common arthritis joint symptoms include swelling, pain, stiffness, tenderness, grating sensation, bone spurs and decreased range of motion. These symptoms may come and go and they can be mild, moderate or severe. They may stay about the same for years, but may progress or get worse over time. Severe arthritis can result in chronic pain, inability to do daily activities and make it difficult to walk or climb stairs. Arthritis can cause permanent joint damages. Sometimes these damages may be visible, such as knobby finger joints, but often the damage can only be seen on X-ray. Certain types of arthritis also affect the heart, eyes, lungs, kidneys and skin as well as the joints.
Osteoarthritis most commonly affects joints in the hands, knees, hips, spine, lower back and neck, small joints of the fingers and the bases of the thumb and big toe. Its symptoms often develop slowly and worsen over time. Signs and symptoms of osteoarthritis include join pain, tenderness or stiffness, loss of flexibility, grating sensation and bone spurs. Osteoarthritis is most common in people over 65. Common risk factors include increasing age, obesity, previous joint injury, overuse of the joint, weak thigh muscles, and genes.